Teaching Resources


Mega-Sporting Events and Human Rights

Teachers can use the following resources as classroom material, assigned readings, and research sources for the topic of Mega-Sporting Events and Human Rights.

Primary Sources

The Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup have been the focus of most attention to the human rights impacts of mega-sporting events. The Mega-Sporting Events Platform for Human Rights administered by the Institute for Human Rights and Business (IHRB) is a multi-stakeholder initiative that has produced a range of materials addressing approaches to managing the social risks and adverse human rights impacts arising from mega-sporting events.



Ruggie interprets how the United Nations Guiding Principles apply to FIFA and recommends what FIFA can do to embed respect for human rights across its global operations.

Mega-Sporting Events Platform for Human Rights

Reports – NGOs

Non-governmental organizations like Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have done extensive research on the exploitation of workers and violations of housing rights linked to MSEs.

Presents an extensive documentation of the impact of Olympic Games on housing rights since the 1988 Olympics in Seoul.

The most recent study on worker’s rights violations in relation to the World Cup.

An interactive website hosted by the Agência de Reportagem e Jornalismo Investigativo (Brazil) with stories of evictions related to the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.


Provides a good overview of the different actors involved in MSEs and how they can jointly address related human rights impacts.

  • Jean-Loup Chappelet and Brenda Kübler-Mabbott, The International Olympic Committee and the Olympic System : The Governance of World Sport (Routledge, 2008).
  • Megan Corrarino, Law Exclusion Zones”: Mega-Events as Sites of Procedural and Substantive Human Rights Violations 17 Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal (2014) 180.
  • Bent Flyvbjerg, Allison Stewart, and Alexander Budzier, The Oxford Olympics Study 2016: Cost and Cost Overrun at the Games, Saïd Business School Working Papers (2016).
  • Ryan Gauthier, The International Olympic Committee, Law, and Accountability (Routledge, 2017).
  • Roger Pielke, How can FIFA be held accountable?, 16 Sport Management Review (2013) 255–267.

Provides useful arguments and details on the complexities that arise when trying to hold FIFA accountable for the harmful consequences of the FIFA World Cup.

Lesson Plan

A multi-stakeholder initiative administered by the Institute for Human Rights and Business (IHRB).


This bibliography may be cited as:

Daniela Heerdt, “Teaching Resources for Mega-Sporting Events and Human Rights,” in Teaching Business and Human Rights Handbook (Teaching Business and Human Rights Forum, 2018), https://teachbhr.org/resources/teaching-bhr-handbook/teaching-notes/mega-sporting-events-and-human-rights-2/teaching-resources/.